Dr Sandy Hetherington

Research interests

The evolution of rooting systems.

Group leader: Professor Liam Dolan


Nishiyama T, Sakayama H, de Vries J, Buschmann H, Saint-Marcoux D, Ullrich KK, Haas FB, Vanderstraeten L, Becker D, Lang D et al. 2018. The Chara genome: secondary complexity and implications for plant terrestrialization. Cell. 174: 448-464

Hetherington AJ, Dolan L. 2018. Bilaterally symmetric axes with rhizoids composed the rooting structure of the common ancestor of vascular plants. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 373: 20170042.

Bowman JL, Kohchi T, Yamato KT, Jenkins J, Shu S, Ishizaki K, Yamaoka S, Nishihama R, Nakamura Y, Berger F et al. 2017. Insights into land plant evolution garnered from the Marchantia polymorpha genome. Cell. 171: 287-304.

Hetherington AJ, Dolan L. 2017. The evolution of lycopsid rooting structures; conservatism and disparity. New Phytologist. 215: 538–544.

Bonnot C, Proust H, Pinson B, Colbalchini F, Lesly-Veillard A, Breuninger H, Morieri G, Champion C, Hetherington AJ, Kelly S, Dolan L. 2017. Functional PTB phosphate transporters are present in streptophyte algae and early diverging land plants. New Phytologist. 214: 1158–1171.

Honkanen S, Jones VA, Morieri G, Champion C, Hetherington AJ, Kelly S, Saint-Marcoux D, Proust H, Prescott H, Dolan L. 2016. Mechanisms controlling the formation of the plant cell surface in tip-growing cells are functionally conserved among land plants. Current Biology. 26: 3238–3244.

Catarino B*, Hetherington AJ*, Emms DM, Kelly S, Dolan L. 2016. The stepwise increase in the number of transcription factor families in the Precambrian predated the diversification of plants on land. Molecular Biology and Evolution. 33: 2815–2819.

*Joint first authors

Hetherington AJ, Dubrovsky JG, Dolan L. 2016. Unique cellular organization in the oldest root meristem. Current Biology 26: 1629–1633.

Hetherington AJ, Berry CM, Dolan L. 2016. Networks of highly branched stigmarian rootlets developed on the first giant trees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113: 6695–6700.

Hetherington AJ, Sherratt E, Ruta M, Wilkinson M, Deline B, Donoghue PC. 2015. Do cladistic and morphometric data capture common patterns of morphological disparity? Palaeontology. 58: 393–399. 

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